The main aim of COMPILE is to show the opportunities of energy islands for decarbonisation of energy supply, community building and creating environmental and socioeconomic benefits.

Start Nov 2018
13 partners
5 pilot locations
6 tools

New working paper by COMPILE partner

17th Nov 2022

What: COMPILE partners published a new paper Where: Online When: November 2022 A new working paper titled »Energy communities and energy poverty mitigation: Quantitative assessments of cases in Portugal and Spain« has been published by Compile partner, Joanneum Research. The aim of this report is to compare two European countries (Portugal and Spain) regarding the impact renewable energy […]


31st Oct 2022

What: 8th COMPILE newsletter is out! Where: Ljubljana, Slovenia When: 31st of October 2022 After 48 months of hard work, today is the last day of the project. We would like to thank you for exchanging ideas, gathering, working with us, and keeping tabs on our progress. With the last newsletter, we’d like to update you […]

What do Apple tree and the Energy Community have in common?

30th Oct 2022

What: Video animation “A story of an Apple” Where: online When: 30th of October 2022 UL, RESC and IDEAZ prepared an animation video that compares energy communities with apple trees through a fun narrative story. A story of an Apple was told by Jan De Pauw, from RESC.  

The 9th COMPILE General meeting

29th Oct 2022

What: 8th General Meeting Where: Athens, Greece When: 25th – 26th October 2022 After three years, the Consortium was back in Athens. The last COMPILE General meeting was hosted by our Greek partner ICCS between the 25th and 26th of October in The National Hellenic Research. The project is coming to an official close on the 31st of October, […]

12th Ljubljana forum

14th Oct 2022

What: Pilot site Luče was presented at Ljubljana forum Where: Ljubljana, Slovenia When: 6th of October 2022 Ljubljana Forum is an annual gathering that combines knowledge and experience of city governance and defines key areas, visions and strategies of the future development of cities. The main topic of 12th Ljubljana forum, which took place on […]



GridRule is a toolset that will help actors that aim to operate, control and manage a microgrid in a way to improve its flexibility, stability and security. This tool comes in two versions, the ETRA GridRule and Petrol GridRule, with both versions tailored to an EnC operation.

New functionalities specific for EnC will be added and tested by ETRA in COMPILE pilot sites Crevillent and Križevci, with different sets of functionalities.

The enhancement and modification of the cockpit to EnC needs will include mostly users’ preferences and more detailed prediction of their consumption as well as EV-charging at the community level.


HomeRule will build on energy building management application developed by Petrol that informs users about consumption, production, stored energy, etc. In COMPILE this application will be enhanced with new algorithms for co-optimization of different technologies and energy vectors and connections to EVrule and ComPilot. Interoperability of this tool will also be enhanced to include connections to GridRule and Petrol’s microgrid control.


Electric vehicle charging station developed in INCH project by Etrel, that enables load control and (in combination with household load metering) optimization of charging costs will be enhanced in COMPILE with the algorithms for prediction of EV user behaviour and household’s consumption and upgraded to enable communication with GridRule either directly or via HomeRule. The  development of charging algorithms for EnC will include fair redistribution of power available for charging to all EV users and other different charging options, like asking for a priority charge in case of network constraints.


ComPilot is a digital platform that will allow the creation of Virtual Social Energy Communities. It is created as an add-in to
community management platform developed in WISEGRID that helps cooperatives or other communities manage their operation and which will be deployed in pilot sites with different functionalities. With the help of ComPilot we will try to show innovative approaches how to activate more members of EnC through various functionalities of this socio-technological platform. The development of ComPilot will be combined with HomeRule that informs users about consumptions, benefits, etc., to increase their activity in the energy management process.


COOLkit is bringing together all the elements of the COMPILE Toolset related to community management and the development of Energy Community. This toolkit will be built around the key success factors for the development of EnC:

Inspiration: the best way to dynamize a local community is to inspire them with real-life examples.
Knowledge at the local level: we need to provide methods and tools to create the collective structure and
the business model of the local energy communities.
The right solution at the right time: most of the EnC fail under two years because the citizens try to go
too big too fast. We need to provide tools and solutions in sync with the local situation and needs.

Value tool

Building on top of value analysis (VA) tools developed in INCREASE and STORY projects, and business model (BM) analysis tool in NOBEL GRID, Value tool will combine these two tools and add the EnC module.

The EnC module will be developed as a decision support tool for consumers or communities that want to start, join the energy community or just add additional flexible units to EnC (add new PV, batteries, EV charging, CHP). It will also allow them to explore different business models and their profitability.

5 pilot locations

To prove the capacity of the project to replicate its results, we will include this process inside the project already. The project has 3 main demonstration pilot sites that will deploy the complete COMPILE toolkit. The project will also include 2 replication pilot sites that will allow us to develop and improve our deployment and replication methodology.

The pilot sites have different starting points, operating under different regulatory regimes and have different technologies installed and planned. Also, the actors and the possible value chains are different. We intend to have these diverging starting points as they represent possible way to incentivise the emergence of energy islands and the actors needed for this endeavour. All pilot sites are in regions with need for economic recovery, therefore socioeconomic benefits are of key importance for their roll-out.

  • COMPILE Partner countries
  • COMPILE Pilot site locations


University of Ljubljana
Technical Coordinator
University of Ljubljana


Petrol d.d., the leading Slovenian energy company, is the principal strategic supplier of energy products to the Slovenian market and in Southeast Europe.

Petrol is growing from the Slovenian oil trader to a comprehensive regional provider of energy and environmentally-friendly services.

Petrol’s complete offers of energy-environmental products and services ensure a reliable, economic and environmentally friendly consumer supply in Slovenia and on the markets of South Eastern Europe. The entire business of the Petrol is based on promoting business excellence and on following and complying with modern market demands regarding services, IT and environmental care. In the line with the challenges of the contemporary word, Petrol developed and provide a range of integrated solutions in the fields of new energy business activities, which includes the marketing of gas, heating and electricity, managing larger environmental projects, e-mobility and the marketing of renewable energy in the long-term.

Petrol is currently involved in several smart city projects. One of the latest projects is a project of digitalization and optimization of district heating system for town Wien. Similar projects of smart district heating systems have already been implemented in different cities in Central and Southeast Europe. Furthermore, Petrol is also involved in projects of efficient sharing of resources for sustainable future cities. The main goal of the project was to prepare a solution that will make every urban environment smart. The project addressed infrastructure, energy, mobility and quality of life. Petrol has developed a wide range of products and comprehensive business models, which has made Petrol to be a partner of local communities and cities in paving their way to sustainability with experience in testing different business models in energy management and demand response management systems for different types of users. is the European federation for groups and cooperatives of citizens for renewable energy and energy efficiency. We are a growing network of 1,500 REScoops and 1,000,000 European citizens. Our members are spread across Europe. Through, we wish to make our voices heard in the European energy debate. We after all are the ones who will be paying for the transition to a more sustainable energy system. Our federation has four well-defined objectives:

• We represent the voice of citizens and renewable energy cooperatives to European policy makers

• We actively support the start-up of new REScoops

• We develop valuable services for our members

• We promote the REScoop model throughout Europe carried out and is participating in European project, our goal is to support the development of tools and methodologies for our members. The WiseGRID project is looking at the development of tools to deploy a community-led local energy system. REScoop PLUS is a project looking at supporting Energy Efficiency in cooperatives by providing tools and a dialogue platform to the movement. REScoop MECISE has the goal of deploying a mutual fund to support young community projects. The FLEXcoop project is working around the development of flexibility services and DSM in Energy Communities. Finally, ECCO Interreg is a project looking to re-build and strenghten the link between rural and peri-urban communities in order to develop a more community driven energy system.

Green Energy Cooperative ZEZ

Green Energy Cooperative ZEZ

The mission of Green Energy Cooperative’s (ZEZ or Zelena energetska zadruga in Croatian) is helping citizens and public sector in developing, investing in and using renewable energy sources. We are developing concrete and sustainable solutions which are bringing benefits to and enhancing the development of local communities. We are the leading organization for community energy development in Croatia and the Western Balkans. Our main tasks are planning and managing renewable energy and energy efficiency projects and our focus is on developing sustainable energy solutions.

ZEZ is a board member of, European federation of energy cooperatives. We are the co-founders and co-leaders of the renewable energy sector of Cooperative for Ethical Financing (ZEF) in Croatia. Furthermore, we are the coordinators of the technical group for citizen involvement in RES development at Energy Community, which connects all the EU member states with neighbours with a goal of creating a unified pan-European market.

Cooperative consists of 20 members, who have a vast experience working in innovative green energy initiatives on European and domestic scale, as well as on development projects, designing policy recommendations and carrying out educational activities. Our work encompasses locally initiated RES&EE projects, with the aim of empowering local communities through use of local resources. ZEZ has excellent background expertise in energy sector and understanding of the complex interactions of energy sector and economy, society and the environment. It offers active involvement of stakeholders, particularly policy makers and citizen groups, in the policy elaboration and implementation process.

We are participating in several H2020 projects such as Biomasud Plus, whose aim is to develop the market of Mediterranean solid biofuels through implementation of the label of quality and sustainability BIOmasud® companies producing and/or distributing residential heating solid biofuels within Mediterranean countries. In 2019. we are starting with two new H2020 projects: AgroBioHeat and REGREEN. The first one aims to produce a mass deployment of improved and market ready agrobiomass heating solutions in Europe, while the latter one aims to promote urban livability, by systematically modelling and combining ecosystem services and biodiversity as the basis for nature-based solutions that can be widely deployed by public and private actors.

Cooperative San Francisco de Asis – Crevillent

Cooperative San Francisco de Asis – Crevillent

The electric Cooperative San Francisco de Asis – Crevillent (Alicante, Spain), the parent company of the Enercoop Group, was born in 1925 with the firm objective to bring power to all households in the village in a fair way and respecting the environment.

In this moment, the cooperative manages 14,315 consumers (13047 households and 1268 companies) in low voltage network; and 30 consumers in medium voltage network (mainly industrial and service sector companies). They have installed and integrated into their grid more than 75.000 PV panels in solar plants and 2.000 modules of PV panels in solar roofs. The photovoltaic plants connected to the Cooperative Network produce a total power of 13,4 MW. Therefore, currently the entire energy production of the entity has zero emissions and is working hard to get all the generated and distributed energy 100% clean.

The experience and background has led the company to be one of the most important cooperatives in Spain having a great international prestige. The cooperative offers its users a full range of options, services and capabilities to meet the energy needs of businesses, households and municipalities, with full guarantees of supply and distribution of electricity.

The electric Cooperative San Francisco de Asis – Crevillent is currently participating in Wisegrid H2020 project (Project nº 731205). While Wisegrid project provides a set of solutions and technologies to increase the smartness, stability and security of their consumer-centric distribution grid, COMPILE addresses the community building aspect, such as the social cohesion, citizen engagement activities and activation of users to enhance the interrelationships among Enercoop’s members.



Coopérnico is the first Portuguese renewable energy cooperative that combines its sustainability oriented and social nature with the support of solidarity, education and environmental protection projects. Coopérnico’s mission is to engage citizens and companies in the creation of a new energetic paradigm that benefits both society and the environment: renewable, efficient, fair and decentralized.

Coopérnico has three main activity areas: renewable energy production, energy services and commercialization (retail). Currently, Coopérnico has 1200 members who have already invested in a total of eighteen photovoltaic projects (so far) up to a 1,22 M€ and 1,11 MWp. All of these projects create environmental, economic and social value – the first for obvious reasons, the second because they are profitable projects and members get a reasonable return on investment and the latter through direct collaboration with educational or social economic organizations – and represent a rupture with the traditional models used for the promotion of renewable energy projects in Portugal. From May 2015, Coopérnico has started to commercialize green electricity, becoming also the first cooperative to do it in Portugal.

Regarding the energy efficiency area, Coopérnico is involved in some European projects where it tries to collaborate in the sharing of good practices regarding the field of energy. In REScoop PLUS (H2020 projects), Coopérnico implements tools on energy efficiency for its members and partner-institutions to capacitate citizens to reduce energy consumption. In MEDSOL (ERASMUS+ Programme), Coopérnico welcomes students and teachers from Nothern African Countries and shares with them its work in Portugal. In PEARLS (H2020 projects) Coopérnico is trying to share the Mediterranean countries vision and experience with other European countries.



The municipality of Rafina-Pikermi is a touristic port town located in the eastern suburbs of Attica, Greece, less than 30 kilometres from Athens.

Rafina is a historical municipality, which has been inhabited since prehistoric times.

Prehistoric houses and copper processing facilities have been found in excavations dated from the early bronze age (3000 B.C).

In ancient times Rafina was one the 100 municipalities of Athens set by Cleisthenes, named araphen after its first ruler,Arafinas who was one of the 100 heroes of attica.

The modern history of Rafina begins in 1923, when the inhabitants of Triglia in Bithynia, Asia Minor arrived as refugees and found shelter and a new home. In 1994 the municipality of Rafina was established and in 2011 Rafina integrated with Pikermi as part of the Kallikratis plan forming the Municipality of Rafina-Pikermi. Its population reaches about 15000 people, and climbs to 30000-50000 during the summer.

The municipality as an organization is a non profit urban administrative division and consists of local elected representatives and permanent staff.

Innovation and research is always supported by the municipal officers in order to provide better services to their citizens. In order to do so Rafina is involved in various European and International projects. Currently, apart from Compile there are two ongoing projects:

LIFE DIANA – Development of a pilot unit for the valorization of PRS (Petroleum Refinery Sludges) to new added-value raw materials

DRAGON – Design and development on Energy saving and environmental protection system for the green vessel (Submitted Proposal)

The Institute of Communication and Computer Systems (ICCS)

The Institute of Communication and Computer Systems (ICCS)

The Institute of Communication and Computer Systems (ICCS) is a private law body associated with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA). ICCS has been established in 1989 by the Ministry of Education in order to carry research and development activities in the fields of telecommunication systems and computer systems and their applications in a variety of applications, such as electric power systems, software and hardware engineering, control systems and biomedical engineering. ICCS R&D staff of ICCS consists of 40 members of staff of NTUA, 20 additional senior researchers and 120 research students.

SmartRUE is one of the Research Groups of the Institute of Communication and Computer Systems (ICCS). It belongs to the Electric Energy Systems Laboratory (EESL) of the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering of the National Technical University of Athens. It is composed of Professors, post-doctoral scientists, postgraduate students and highly specialized researchers and collaborators. It is technically and administratively supported by the personnel of EESL. Smart RUE has coordinated and participated in a large number of European and national R&D projects and studies. It has organized several international Conferences, Seminars and workshops and it has published numerous papers in international journals and conference proceedings. Its members are active in several EU and international organizations. It maintains excellent connections with many Universities, Research Centers, Utilities and Power Industries active in the area of Smart Grids both at national and international level. The main goals of SmartRUE include the provision of high-skilled consultancy in all the aspects related with the areas of Power System Analysis, Planning and Control, Renewable Energy Sources (RES), Microgrids and Smart Grids. Moreover, it develops advanced state-of-the-art ICT tools that can evolve and optimize the grid operation.

SmartRUE-ICCS has been involved in a variety of EU-funded research projects. Indicatively:

WiseGRID (ongoing)

The WiseGRID project (H2020) will provide a set of solutions, technologies and business models which increase the smartness, stability and security of an open, consumer-centric European energy grid and provide cleaner and more affordable energy for European citizens, through an enhanced use of storage technologies and electro-mobility and a highly increased share of Renewable Energy Resources.

DREAM (finished)

The DREAM project (FP7) goal was to apply the principles of autonomous agent-based systems to the control and management of the electricity distribution grid in order to allow the system to constantly adjust to current operational conditions and make it robust to exogenous disturbances.

Nobel Grid (finished)

The main purpose of Nobel Grid (H2020) was to provide advanced tools and ICT services to all actors in the Smart Grid and retail electricity market in order to ensure benefits from cheaper prices, more secure and stable grids and clean electricity.

SmartEMC2 (finished)

SmarterEMC2 (H2020) implemented ICT tools that support the integration of consumers through Demand Response services and the integration of DG/RES through Virtual Power Plants.



ETREL is a privately owned high-tech company from Slovenia. The company’s core team is highly experienced in the energy industry, with a few hundred turnkey projects and studies performed for different stakeholders – transmission and distribution system operators, energy retailers, power producers, regulatory agencies, municipalities, governments, and others.

Ever since its founding in 2008, the goal of the company has been to apply this knowledge to the development of innovative products in the most cutting-edge areas of energy industry – smart grids and e-mobility.

As a business, Etrel is defined by the following core activities:

* Design, development, and manufacture of hardware and software solutions for AC charging of electric vehicles,

* Design and development of software solutions for support of e-mobility related business processes,

* R&D projects in e-mobility (with emphasis on smart charging of electric vehicles),

* Consulting for the energy and e-mobility sector.

In the field of R&D, Etrel stands out as one of the most active SMEs in Europe. As a leading technology partner for e-mobility related solutions, Etrel participated in five finalised R&D projects within the FP7 framework and six in Horizon 2020 (four still ongoing: GOFLEX, COMPILE, GIFT and RE-COGNITION).

During the initial period of e-mobility deployment (till 2015) the R&D projects were focused on development of ICT tools for support of e-mobility related business processes, and of smart charging stations able to communicate with them. The ongoing projects cover a much wider scope: interaction of electric vehicle charging with external systems, with emphasis on smart grids and participation of end users (electric vehicle owners) in operation of power grids and energy markets.

Etrel’s R&D activities resulted in a complete portfolio of hardware and software solutions for e-mobility, adapted to the latest development of electric vehicles, ICT technology, users’ needs, and technological and business environments of e-mobility eco-system.



JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH (JR), one of Austria’s largest non-university research organisations, is employing around 450 highly qualified staff members thematically structured in 6 research institutes.

The role of JR as an innovative partner for business and administration is reflected in its wide range of services: applied research and development for small and medium-sized enterprises is supplemented by custom-designed technical business consulting and vast expertise in interdisciplinary management of complex research contracts at a national and international level.

The project subject project will be carried out by the by the groups “International Climate Policy and Economics”, “Future Energy Systems & Lifestyle” and “Weather and Climate Risk Management” at LIFE – Centre for Climate, Energy & Society. The group “International Climate Policy & Economics” has gained national and international recognition for its expertise in energy and climate policy evaluation and instrument design.

This include the development of business model for decentralized renewable energy sources including a good understanding on innovation processes. The competences of the group “Future Energy Systems & Lifestyle” comprise technological, economic, environmental and social aspects of various energy technologies and systems. Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA) including Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), Life Cycle Costing (LCC) and Social Life Cycle Analyses (SLCA) of energy technologies and energy systems are a focus of the research group.

The research group Weather & Climate Risk Management supports companies and society in coping with the risks arising from weather variability and climate change. Methodologically the group draws on consistent analysis and modelling of exact (geographically defined) quantitative, economic and meteorological data including weather driven demand assessment. The group is involved in numerous international organisations, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), and the International Energy Agency (IEA).

JR participates in national and international funded undertakings (e.g. INCREASE, DRIVE4EU, BETTER, AMAZALERT, POCACITO within the EU framework programs).

Ideaz Agency

Ideaz Agency

Ideaz Agency is a Google All-Stars competition winning agency primarily serving clients in e-commerce, events, education and health industries with clients scattered between Dubai, Central Europe, United Kingdom and the United States.

Ideaz Agency is specialized in WordPress and WooCommerce development and performance optimization, Google AdWords advertising and social media marketing. It is an official Google Partner with certifications in Google AdWords, Google Display, Google Video, Google Mobile and Google Analytics.

Ideaz Agency holds an AAA credit rating and has the privilege of serving Heineken, Otto, University of Ljubljana and University of Maribor, among others.



Institute for Innovation and Development of University of Ljubljana (IRI UL) implement interdisciplinary scientific research, development and professional projects under the registered activities:

  • Activities to support the transfer of knowledge from University of Ljubljana (UL) to users especially in the economy, public services, state and local government.
  • Basic, applied, developmental research.
  • Activities related to the development and operation of research.
  • Activities related to the protection of intellectual property created in employment relationships and other rights in intellectual property.
  • Represent research and development achievements of researchers involved in IRI UL, domestic and international public.
  • Together with UL to provide training and education in the field of research, development and innovation activities.

IRI UL is involved in various international projects:

  • TripleA-reno (2018 – 2021): Attractive, Acceptable and Affordable deep Renovation by a consumers orientated and performance evidence based approach, Horizon 2020, H2020-EE-2017-CSA-PPI.
  • MOBISTYLE (2016 – 2020): MOtivating end-users Behavioural change by combined ICT based tools and modular Information services on energy use, indoor environment, health and lifestyle, Horizon 2020 EC, H2020-EE07-2016.
  • PEOPLE (2016 – 2019): People-Centred Development Approaches in Practical and Learning Environments, Erasmus + Knolwedge Alliances, 574832-EPP-1-2016-1-SI-EPPKA2-KA-PEOPLE.
  • Edufootprint (2016 – 2018): School Low Carbon Footprint in Mediterranean cities, Interreg Mediterranean 2014-2020, Project Nb 738.
  • CompoHUB (2015 – 2017): Skilled hands for hi-tech production, Erasmus+ Strategic partnerships in vocational education and training, 2015-1-SI01-K202-012624.

Compile will go global


Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) is a unique institution of rural management whose mission is to promote suistanable, ecologically-friendly and equitable socio-economic development of rural people through professional management.


China University of Mining and Technology-Beijing is one of the key national universities directly under the administration of the China’s Ministry of Education. It is also listed in the national “211 Project” and “985 Innovation Platform for Advantageous Disciplines”, which is a government program designed to support and develop top institutions of higher education in China.